Articles of Association
Cara organises an annual lecture at The Royal Society, under the general heading of ‘Science and Civilisation’. The series takes its name from the title of lecture given by Albert Einstein in October 1933 at the Royal Albert Hall, at a major fundraising event on behalf of Cara and three other organisations who had come together as the ‘Refugee Assistance Fund’ to help those being expelled from Germany by the Nazis.
Two recordings are currently available:
- On Wednesday 29 November 2017, Professor Timothy Garton Ash delivered the fifth annual Cara ‘Science and Civilisation’ lecture, on the theme, “Free Speech under Attack: the Case of Universities”. To follow his lecture, first click here to open the audio recording (opens in a separate tab), then return to this tab and click here to see his lecture slides.
- On Monday 17 October 2016 Professor Dame Anne Glover FRS FRSE delivered the fourth annual Cara ‘Science and Civilisation’ lecture, on the theme, “And then they came for the experts”. To follow her lecture, first click here to open the audio recording (opens in a separate tab), then return to this tab and click here to see her lecture slides.
On 7 June 2017 Cara hosted an event at the Royal Society of Medicine in London, to bring together many of Cara’s present Fellows and Cara’s friends and supporters. The evening included a video link-up with Justice Albie Sachs of South Africa, who was helped by Cara’s predecessor, the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning (SPSL), in 1966 and 1988, as well as an on-stage interview with five of Cara’s current Fellows, chaired by Cara’s President, Professor Sir Malcolm Grant.
Cara Fellows’ Stories
In mid 2017 two Cara Fellows from Syria took part in a short documentary about their experiences. Click here to see the video.
In late 2017, as part of the ‘Making Light’ project, five Cara Fellows from Syria spoke about the circumstances of their exile and what they remembered most from the lives they left behind. Click here to read their stories.
Cara was a founder member of the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA), a New York-based grouping of charities, NGOs and UN agencies, and is currently GCPEA Vice Chair. Cara staff have contributed directly many of GCPEA’s reports, which are attracting increasing interest and helping to focus world attention on what can be done to help protect educators and students at all levels who are caught up in conflict, or whose institutions are threatened by insecurity or political pressures.
Relevant papers include:
The GCPEA’s Guide to Implementing the Principles of State Responsibility to Protect Higher Education from Attack. The Guide was launched at UNESCO in Paris in December 2016. It aims to help states to protect higher education by providing technical direction on implementing GCPEA’s ‘Principles’ paper (see below). The Guide sets out a variety of measures which states, working with the higher education sector, can take to deter violent or coercive attacks on higher education and institutional autonomy.
Principles of State Responsibility to Protect Higher Education from Attack, GCPEA (2014). Throughout the world, the higher education sector plays a vital role in knowledge production and dissemination, innovation, skills development, cultural preservation and national progress. Universities play an essential role in preparing States and peoples for the global “knowledge economy” and “knowledge society”, and rapid internationalization of higher education offers the promise of more equitable access to the benefits of higher education than ever before. To achieve this promise, States must do more to ensure that higher education communities are physically secure and free from intimidation.
Lessons in War 2015: Military Use of Schools and Universities during Armed Conflict, GCPEA. Schools and universities should be sanctuaries of learning where young minds can feel safe to inquire, explore, reflect, yearn, and develop to their fullest potential. All this is threatened when armed forces convert schools into part of the battlefield and use institutions dedicated to education for military purposes instead. This study is an update to one released by GCPEA in 2012. Although the evidence suggests that military use of schools remains a constant feature of war, there are some reasons for optimism. There is increased recognition, acknowledgment, and agreement that the military use of schools both endangers students and interferes with their right to education. It is now harder for governments and armed non-state groups to explain or justify their use of schools for military purposes.
Commentary on the “Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict”, GCPEA (2015). The Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict have been drawn up with the aim of reducing the use of schools and universities by parties to armed conflict in support of their military effort, and to minimise the negative impact that armed conflict has on students’ safety and education. They are intended to serve as guidance for those involved in the planning and execution of military operations, in relation to decisions over the use and targeting of institutions dedicated to education.
Education under Attack 2014, GCPEA. A detailed account of the threats to education around the world, produced every four years after extensive research. The 2014 version also included a thematic essay on protecting higher education from attack.
Institutional Autonomy and the Protection of Higher Education from Attack, GCPEA (2013). A study of the relationship between institutional autonomy and the security of higher education institutions from violent and coercive attacks. The paper includes a review of the available literature, as well as a series of examples illustrating different forms of attack.
On 12 May 2017 BBC Radio 4 broadcast a programme about Cara’s original ‘Assistant Secretary’, the redoubtable Esther (‘Tess’) Simpson. The broadcast is available on the BBC website, at http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08pgm4b.
A lengthy companion piece by the same journalist, David Edmonds, was published in the Jewish Chronicle, and is available on their website at https://www.thejc.com/news/news-features/esther-simpson-the-unknown-heroine-1.438317.
In 1940 over 27,000 ‘enemy aliens’, including many academics who had been helped to escape from Nazism by the AAC/SPSL, were interned by the British Government. The SPSL mobilised to get them released again, working with four Tribunals set up by the Vice-Chancellors’ Committee, The Royal Society, The British Academy and The Royal Society of Medicine (RSM). A poster display about the RSM Tribunal’s work was created in 2017, and is available here.
Cara’s history has been well preserved and is currently held in two separate archives. The first, covering the period from 1933 to the 1970s, is available at the Bodleian Library, Oxford. A partial digitalisation of the Bodleian archives, funded by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM), is now available to visitors. The second, with material from the 1970s onwards, is housed at the University of East London (UEL).
The archives offer a wealth of material for historians, biographers, political and social scientists etc.
The ‘Cara Through the Ages’ virtual exhibition was commissioned as part of Cara’s 75th anniversary celebrations and funded by The Wellcome Trust. The virtual exhibition celebrates the extraordinary contribution made by refugee academics to the Sciences, Arts and Humanities. Click here to view the exhibition.
Cara 80th Anniversary Supplement, Cara & Times Higher Education (THE) (2013) Cara 80th Anniversary Supplement published in the Times Higher Education (THE) Issue 16-22 May 2013. The Supplement highlights 80 years of Cara’s support for persecuted academics told by grantees, affiliates, staff and Members of Council.
The Refuge and the Fortress: Britain and the Persecuted 1933-2013 (2nd Edition), Jeremy Seabrook, Palgrave Macmillan (2013)The Refuge and the Fortress offers an account of academic refugees in Britain, including those who fled Nazi Germany, and through their testimonies, seeks to understand the qualities they bestowed on their adoptive country. It provides an honest portrayal of the encounters of people from other cultures with the characteristics of the British.
Medicine, Conflict and Survival, Moore, M. and Brunskell-Evans, H (eds.) (2013) Volume 29, Issue 1, March, Special Issue: CARA Iraq Research Fellowship This Special Issue focuses on the work of the Cara Iraq Research Fellowship Programme (IRFP). This issue is one of a number of events and publications to mark Cara’s 80th year and it is particularly written to celebrate the achievement of teams of Iraqi scholars whose work focuses on matters related to medicine, conflict and survival.
The Art of Resistance: Defending Academic Freedom since 1933, Cara (2013) Several artists share their personal or family stories of exile in the auction publication. The full auction publication is available on line click here, or for sale at £20+pp (unsigned) or £40+pp for copies signed by Steven Appleby, Edmund de Waal, Maggi Hambling, Marcella Hanselaar, Hanaa Malallah, Jane McAdam Freud and Shelagh Atkinson.
Reimagining Research for Reclaiming the Academy in Iraq: Indentities and Participation in Post-Conflict Enquiry, Brunskell-Evans, H. and Moore, M. (eds.) (2012) Sense Publishers The book is a compilation of the narratives of Iraqi scholars who are carrying out numerous and diverse research projects that support the rebuilding of Iraqi society. The projects are funded and facilitated by Cara under the auspices the Iraqi Research Fellowship Programme (IRFP).
Scientist Spies: A Memoir of My Three Parents and the Atom Bomb, Paul Broda, Matador (2011) The Atom Bomb was crucial to a post-War world dominated by the Cold War. Yet the stories of the people who chose to give atom secrets to Russia has never fully been told. Paul Broda’s father and stepfather both passed secrets to the Russians, for no personal gain. Here he gives his personal account of his family and their actions. Scientist Spies is a compelling account of three lives swept up in the great events of Communism, Fascism, World War II, and the creation of the Atom Bomb.
Nazi Persecution: Britain’s rescue of academic refugees’, Kohn, R. (2011) European Review, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 225-283 Drawing on Dr Kohn’s 2008 key note lecture launching Cara’s 75th anniversary conference, the article gives a fascinating and deeply moving account the heroic people who did so much to establish the work and support of Cara in 1933 (known then as the Academic Assistance Council). To request an offprint of this article, please contact Cara.
In Defence of Learning: the plight, persecution, and placement of academic refugees 1933 – 1980s Marks, S., Weindling, P. and Wintour, L. (eds.) (2011) Oxford University Press for the British Academy Commissioned for Cara’s 75th anniversary conference, the papers collected in this volume cover both the history of the organisation and its impact on the academic world. They focus on some less well-known elements of Cara’s work, including scholars who contributed to the social sciences, exoduses of scholars from Pinochet’s Chile and apartheid South Africa, and the experiences of women academics. The volume includes, as well, moving accounts by children of early grantees.
Talking about Jane Austen in Baghdad: the true story of an unlikely friendship, Rowlatt, B. and Witwit, M., Penguin Books (2010) May, an Iraqi lecturer on English literature at Baghdad University and Cara Fellow, and Bee, a BBC World Service journalist, first spoke in 2005, and their friendship developed through the exchange of long, funny, moving and very personal emails captured in this book.
Nazi persecution: Britain’s gift, Kohn, R. (2009) Royal Society and Cara. The text of the keynote lecture given by the now late Dr Ralph Kohn in 2008, at Cara’s 75th anniversary conference. He eloquently described the persecution of scientists in Nazi Germany during the 1930s and illustrated the unique and dedicated work of those who helped them to find a safe haven in the UK.
Supporting Persecuted Academics – A Guide for Higher Education Institutions. Produced in 2009 with support from the Sigrid Rausing Trust and the Paul Hamlyn Foundation, the booklet draws on the reports, experience and testimonies of those participating in Cara’s 2006-2008 Pathfinder UK University Grants Scheme.
Maghazei, M., Trends in Contemporary Conscious Music in Iran, LSE Middle East Centre Paper Series /03, June 2014
Al-Defai, N. K., The Effect of Dewatering on Strength and Setting Time of Hydraulic Mortar, M. A. Carter, Young researchers’ forum in construction materials Paper Number 6, Society of chemical industry, 17 May 2012
Al-Defai, N. K., The Influencing of Pozzolanix Additions on the Water Retentivity of Freshly-Mixed Hydraulic Lime Mortars, 32nd Cement and Concrete Science Conference Paper Number, 17-18 September 2012
Al-Obaidy, A., Maqur, G. and AlBadawi, G., The Plight of Haitian Refugees in the Dominican Republic: physical/psychosocial consequences, Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology, 4(1), pp. 1-4., 2012
Al-Qubeissi, M., Proposing a Numerical Solution for the 3D Heat Conduction Equation, ams, pp.144-149, 2012 Sixth Asia Modelling Symposium, 2012
Al-Qubeissi, M., Developing a Conjugate Heat Transfer Solver, Engineering and Technology Vol. 67, World Academy of Science, 2012
Zhuawu, C., Reconceptualising the African state in the strategicrelational approach: A case of Mauritius state and tradepolicy-making, African Journal of Political Science and International Relations Vol. 6(7), pp. 130-141, November, 2012
Al-Bazoon, W., The War on Indigna, Xlibris Publishing, 2011
Abood, H.M.A., Abbott, A.P., Ballantyne, A.D. and Ryder, K.S. et al., Do all ionic liquids need organic cations? Characterisation of [AlCl2_nAmide]+ AlCl4_ and comparison with imidazolium based systems, The Royal Society of Chemistry, Chemical Communications, 47(12), pp. 3523–3525, 2011
Al-Obaidy, A. and Budosan, B., Mainstreaming Educational Opportunities for Physically and Mentally Disabled Children and Adolescents in Iraq, Advances in School Mental Health Promotion, 4(1), pp. 35-43., 2011
Hasan, H., Peet, M., Jalil, J. and Bhadeshia, H., Heat Transfer Coefficients during Quenching of Steels, Heat Mass Transfer, 47, pp. 315-321., 2011
Mapanje, J., And Crocodiles Are Hungry at Night: a memoir, Ayebia Publishing, Oxford, 2011
Mkwananzi, E., Ever Decreasing Circles: Prohibition or Regulation of Share Buy-Backs under the Companies Act 2006 – A Legal Capital, European Business Law Review, Kluwer Law International.
Peet, M., Hasan, H. and Bhadeshia, H., ‘Prediction of Thermal Conductivity of Steel’, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer,Vol. 54, pp. 2602-2608., 2011
Al-Mosule, F., Liu, J., Jacob, C., Sheridan, K.J., et al., The synthesis of, and characterization of the dynamic processes occurring in Pd(II) chelate complexes of 2-pyridyldiphenylphosphine, Dalton Transactions: the International Journal for Inorganic, Organometallic and Bioinorganic Chemistry, 39, pp. 7921-7935., 2010
Useful Publications & Papers
Cara has a well documented history stretching back to 1933 that is available to researchers, scholars and the general public. A number of these reference papers and books were written by those academics involved in our establishment and provide a telling account.
A number of papers written by those Cara supported in the 30’s and 40’s, of which many became the most acclaimed academics of their time, are also available.
Click here to view or download. Note this is by no means comprehensive and is rarely updated.